Let us try to understand this problem statement first. We are in charge of a fancy circus and 2 kangaroos have to jump on a number line. The interesting part is that both the kangaroos have a different start position, and different jump distances. It is a little tricky to understand, the problems asks to calculate the number line jumps such that both the kangaroos are at the same position. We will try to simplify this using some diagrams, and see how the kangaroos actually jump. In the given test…
Hackerrank


Let us try to understand this problem statement first. It is actually very verbose. We will try to simplify it as much as possible. Christy wants to give chocolates to her colleagues, and at the same time tries to ensure that everyone has equal chocolates at the end. To achieve this she either gives 1,2, or 5 chocolates to everyone except any one individual. Everytime she does this, it is counted as 1 operation. We need to make sure that Christy can achieve this task in the minimum number of…

Question: Given a two strings, find the minimum number of characters that must be deleted to make them anagrams. Input: str1 = “a b c”, str2 = “a m n o p”Output: 6 Let us try to understand this problem statement and its test case first. We have two strings of english alphabet which may or may not have the same length. Anagrams are two words with same characters and frequencies. It is not necessary that the order of the characters is same. We have to determine, how many total…

Question: Given a string, count the number of times the letter ‘a’ is repeated. Input: str = “abcac”, n= 10 Output: 4 Let us try to understand this problem statement and its test case first. You have a string of lowercase English letters, that is repeated infinitely many times. Along with it, you also have a number ‘n’. You need to find out how many times the letter a appears in the first n characters of this infinite string. Let us look at a sample test case. Upon looking at…

You are in charge of birthday cake candles at a party. However, the child can only blow out the tallest candles.
Read this post to know how you can find out the number of candles that get blown out along with the full implementation. 
A queue is a linear data structure which maintains the order in which the elements appear. You need to implement a queue, using two stacks such that it behaves in the same way. If you are unfamiliar with the queue data structure and the stack data structure, it would be a good idea to learn them before approaching this problem. Problem Statement: The basic crux of the problem is that you are to implement a queue and its operations using stacks. It may seem unnecessary in the beginning, as a…

Question: Given a string, Sherlock considers it valid if all the characters in the string occur the same number of time. However, a string is also valid if the frequencies are same after removing any one character. Example 1:Input: str = “aabbcd”Output: NO Example 2:Input: str = “abcc”Output: YES Problem Statement: Let us try to simplify the problem statement first. Sherlock needs to verify if a given string is valid. A string is valid under 2 conditions: All characters of the string appear the same number of times. If you…

Question: Given two strings, determine if they share a common substring. Input: “a” and “art” Output: YES Problem Statement Let me try to simplify this problem statement first. You are given two strings, and you need to find out if they share a common substring or not. If you can find a common substring, output “YES”, else output “NO”. Note that you don’t have to find out what is the common substring. Another important aspect of this problem is that the substring can be as small as 1 character. A…

Question: You will be given two arrays of integers and asked to determine all integers between two sets that satisfy the following two conditions:– The elements of the first array are all factors of the integer being considered– The integer being considered is a factor of all elements of the second array Input:a = { 2, 6 }b = { 24, 36 } Output:2 I really want to simplify this really confusing problem statement first. The hardest part about this problem is to understand what is it actually saying. To…

Question: Given an array of integers, find the number of pairs of array elements that have a difference equal to the target value. Example: Input:arr[ ] = {1, 2, 3, 4}k = 1 Output: 3 Problem Statement Let us try to simplify the problem statement first and understand the sample test case. You are given an array of unique integers which is in any random order. Along with the array, you are also given a target value k. If you pick up any 2 integers from the array, they would…